文章及段落起始常用的过渡词语

to begin with 首先

【例】To begin with, smoking should be banned in public areas.

首先,在公共场合应该禁烟。

first of all 第一,首先

【例】First of all, many people in remote areas still live in poverty.

第一,在偏远地区许多人还生活在贫困中。

in the first place 首先

【例】In the first place, she can read at the rate of 100 words a minute.

首先,她能每分钟阅读100字。

generally speaking 总体上讲

【例】Generally speaking, the more you practice, the more skillfully you can write in English.

总体上讲,练习地越多,你英文写作时就越熟练。

文章及段落结尾常用的过渡词语

therefore, thus 因此

【例】Thus, taking morning exercises regularly may reduce the chances of getting sick.

因此,定期进行晨练可以减少生病的概率。

in conclusion 总之,最后

【例】In conclusion, universities should give larger amount of money to libraries.

最后,高校应该给图书馆大量拨款。

in brief, in a nutshell 简言之

【例】In brief, birth control is of vital importance in China.

简言之,计划生育在对中国来说是十分重要的。

to sum up 总而言之

【例】To sum up, out of sight, out of mind.

总而言之,眼不见,心不烦。

in a word 总之

【例】In a word, country life is more beneficial than city life.

总之,乡村生活更优于城市生活。

常用表示先后次序的过渡词语

first 第一

second 第二

next 其次,然后

eventually 最后,最终

since then 自此以后

afterward 以后,随后

meanwhile 同时

therefore 因而

immediately 立刻

finally 最后,最终

【例】Finally, the country must not again go through the war.

最终,这个国家必须避免再次遭受战争。

常用表示因果关系的过渡词语

accordingly 于是

for this reason 由于这个原因

as a result of 由……结果

in this way 这样

consequently 结果,因此

due to 由于……

therefore 因而

because of 因为

thus 因为

【例】It rained, for this reason, the game was cancelled.

由于下雨,游戏取消。