一、接不定式(而不接动名词)作宾语的 24 个常用动词

afford to do sth. 负担得起做某事

agree to do sth. 同意做某事

arrange to do sth.安排做某事

ask to do sth. 要求做某事

beg to do sth. 请求做某事

care to do sth. 想要做某事

choose to do sth. 决定做某事

decide to do sth. 决定做某事

注:有些不及物动词后习惯上也接不定式,不接动名词:

aim to do sth. 打算做某事

fail to do sth. 未能做某事

long to do sth. 渴望做某事

happen to do sth. 碰巧做事

hesitate to do sth. 犹豫做事

struggle to do sth. 努做某事

二、接不定式作宾补的 36 个常用动词:

advise sb. to do sth.

建议某人做某事

allow sb. to do sth.

允许某人做某事

ask sb. to do sth.

请(叫)某人做某事

bear sb. to do sth.

忍受某人做某事

beg sb. to do sth.

请求某人做某事

cause sb. to do sth.

导致某人做某事

command sb. to do sth.

命令某人做某事

drive sb. to do sth .

驱使某人做某事

注:不要受汉语意思的影响而误用以下动词句型:

汉语说:“害怕某人做某事”,但英语不说 fear sb. to dosth.

汉语说:“原谅某人做某事”,但英语不说 excuse [forgive]sb. to do sth.

汉语说:“拒绝某人做某事”,但英语不说 refuse sb. to dosth.。

汉语说:“惩罚某人做某事”,但英语不说 punish sb. to dosth.。

汉语说:“建议某人做某事”,但英语不说 suggest [propose]sb. to do sth.。